Dyslexia

Affects reading and related language-based processing skills.

Having a child diagnosed with dyslexia can be a traumatic experience. While dyslexia can make reading more difficult, with the right instruction, almost all individuals with dyslexia can learn to read. Many people with dyslexia have gone on to accomplish great things. Among the many dyslexia success stories are Thomas Edison, Stephen Spielberg, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Charles Schwab.

The severity of this specific learning disability can differ in each individual but can affect reading fluency, decoding, reading comprehension, recall, writing, spelling, and sometimes speech and can exist along with other related disorders. Dyslexia is sometimes referred to as a Language-Based Learning Disorder.


Affecting Area:

Memory

Dates – Mixes dates
Sequences

  • Phone numbers- Can not remember phone numbers
  • Alphabet- It mixes letters and voices in the alphabet.
  • Time tables- Mix timelines. (Days, seasons, years ...) Losing

Spatial/Temporal

Difficulty with telling the time
Left/right confusion
Gets lost easily

Motor Control

Difficulty copying
Handwriting difficulties
Co-ordination problems

Writing

Difficulty getting ideas on paper.
Organizational problem
Can’t find write word

Listening

Problem note taking
Find background noise distracting

Spelling

Similar sound cause confusion
Difficulty ‘hearing’ sound
Can’t remembering what words look like

Reading

Needing re-read
Moving or overlapping text
Losing place in text

Signs and Symptoms

  • Reads slowly and painfully
  • Experiences decoding errors, especially with the order of letters
  • Shows wide disparity between listening comprehension and reading comprehension of some text
  • Has trouble with spelling
  • May have difficulty with handwriting
  • Exhibits difficulty recalling known words
  • Has difficulty with written language
  • May experience difficulty with math computations
  • Decoding real words is better than nonsense words
  • Substitutes one small sight word for another: a, I, he, the, there, was

dyslexia


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